Vitamin B1 Deficiency: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment – Health

– A vitamin B1 deficiency can be caused, for example, by an illness or an unbalanced diet. But what are the symptoms and what is the best way to cure the deficiency?

  • Tiredness, depressive moods, and numbness of the hands and feet are some of the possible symptoms of vitamin B1 deficiency.
  • The body absorbs the vitamin from food and converts it in the liver.
  • Vitamin B1 is found in many foods. There is a lot in meat, whole grain products, legumes and sunflower seeds.

Definition: What is Vitamin B1?

Vitamin B1 belongs to the group of water-soluble B vitamins. It is also called thiamine and the term aneurine was also common in the past. Vitamin B1 is involved in many vital processes in the body. In addition to the regular flow of energy production in the cells, thiamine is also important for the heart and nervous system.

The human body cannot produce vitamin B1 on its own and can only store it for a certain period of time. A supply of vitamin B1 is therefore always necessary through food. If the body does not receive B1 for a period of two weeks, the stores are already half emptied. After about 40 days, all stocks of the important vitamin are completely depleted. Before vitamin B1 reaches the cells, it is converted to the active form (thiamine pyrophosphate) in the liver.

What is thiamine?

That Synonymous with vitamin B1 means “thiamine” and is used as a synonym.

Thiamine: the effect

Thiamine is important for the following body functions:

– For psychological well-being
– For the physical condition and constitution
– For the healthy functioning of the central nervous system
– To convert carbohydrates into energy
– For the promotion of concentration

Vitamin B1 deficiency: symptoms

If vitamin B1 stores are depleted, severe deficiency symptoms can occur. This includes:

– fatigue
– Sleep disorders
– Loss of appetite
– nausea
– Cardiovascular insufficiency
– Depressed mood, anxiety and irritability
– Muscle pain and muscle weakness
– Numbness and tingling in the hands and feet
– Decreased ability to concentrate
– Decreased mental and physical performance

If the deficiency is not compensated, in the worst case there is a risk of a vitamin B1 deficiency disease such as “beriberi”. This disease occurs mainly in developing countries and only occasionally in Germany. A severe form of beriberi disease often leads to muscle atrophy, which can lead to significant limitations. In addition, both the heart and the nervous system can be damaged. Consequently, it comes to edemic formations and in extreme cases to one cardiac arrest.

Patients often suffer from symptoms such as Palpitations, shortness of breath, muscle cramps or muscle weakness. At a later time, neuronal or psychological dysfunctions may occur, such as eg Forgetfulness, sensory disturbances, confusion or psychosis. Without treatment, a thiamine deficiency can lead to death. However, since the vitamin is contained in almost all foods, very few people need to pay attention to their vitamin B1 level.

Vitamin B1 deficiency: the causes

As a rule, people consume enough thiamine through food, and a deficiency occurs only in rare cases. However, deficits can still arise, particularly with:

intestinal diseaseswhich hinder the absorption of the vitamin
liver diseasewhich stop the conversion to thiamine pyrophosphate
an extremely one-sided diet
eating disorders and eating disorders such as anorexia or bulimia
– one alcohol addiction (rapid breakdown of thiamine)

Furthermore, a vitamin B1 deficiency can also occur during physical phases growththe pregnancy and breastfeeding develop. During pregnancy, the increased need, usually in combination with morning sickness, leads in some cases to a deficiency.

Vitamin B1 deficiency: treatment

If there is a vitamin B1 deficiency, drug therapy is usually required. This is usually done by ingesting pills or other preparations. Only in rare cases is the vitamin injected.

mainly it is no long-term treatment is needed. However, those affected should adjust their eating habits to ensure adequate vitamin B1 intake. Supplementation should always be discussed with the attending physician. Before resorting to vitamin preparations, the cause should always be clarifiedso that any diseases can be detected and treated.

Where is Vitamin B1 found?

There are numerous foods with vitamin B1. Good sources of vitamin B1 are, for example wholemeal products, oatmeal, wheat germ, sunflower seeds and pine nuts. But also inside animal foods such as fish, beef, eggs, whole milk and chicken contain vitamin B1.legumes such as beans, lentils or peas are ideal for thiamin intake. vegetables such as asparagus, zucchini, broccoli and cauliflower should also be in the daily diet.

These foods are particularly rich in thiamine:

– Oatmeal: 0.55 milligrams per 100 grams
– Wheat sprouts: 2.0 milligrams per 100 grams
– Wholemeal bread: 0.23 milligrams per 100 grams
– Brown rice: 0.41 milligrams per 100 grams
– Lentils (raw): 0.48 milligrams per 100 grams
– Pork cutlet: 0.8 milligrams per 100 grams

belong all over the world Reis and cereals are among the most important suppliers of thiamine. In Germany, most people cover their vitamin B1 needs with baked goods such as wholemeal bread.

How is the daily requirement of thiamine reached?

A healthy and balanced diet normally supplies the body with a sufficient amount of vitamin B1. Shown here is an example of which food selections lead to the recommended daily allowance of 1.4mg.

The example is aimed at males between the ages of 15 and 19, who have the highest reference value (growth phase). In any case, it is sufficient to consume the food behind one of the dashes.
– 150 grams of rolled oats and 20 grams of sunflower seeds
– 100 grams (two slices) of wholemeal bread and 150 grams of peas
– 150 grams of pork tenderloin
– 200 grams of Kasseler
– 120 grams of spelled rolls, 30 grams of Kasseler, 25 grams of peanuts, 240 grams of baked potatoes and 150 grams of zucchini

Useful tips for an optimal supply of vitamin B1

To ensure an ideal vitamin B1 intake, you should:

– Daily newspaper wholemeal products to consume
– ON brown rice instead of husked rice To fall back on
– Daily newspaper vegetables to consume
legumes integrate into the diet
Prepare food carefullyso that vitamins are not lost
– Vegetables and potatoes wash gently And never water for a long time

When can’t Vitamin B1 be absorbed?

There are some substances that Inhibit the absorption of thiamine as a high consumption of coffee or excessive consumption of black tea. Even the consumption of increased refined sugar tried the need for vitamin B1.

During intense physical exertion or stress the body consumes a lot of thiamine and therefore has a higher daily requirement. The same goes for one hyperthyroidism, fever e burns. In the case of intestinal and liver diseases, the vitamin may not be adequately absorbed and processed.

Vitamin B1 is also very sensitive to oxygen, heat and UV rays. Therefore, the corresponding food should be kept as cool and dark as possible. When the food is cooked, some of the water-soluble vitamin B1 passes into the cooking water. To avoid this, you can also eat the foods steam or reuse the cooking water.

What is the daily requirement?

To cover the daily requirement of vitamin B1, the German Society for Nutrition (DGE) recommends the following amounts of vitamin B1:

Babies from 0 to 4 months: 0.2 mg
Babies from 4 to 12 months: 0.4 mg

Children aged 1 to four: 0.6 mg
Children from 4 to 7 years: 0.7 mg

Girls and teenagers aged 7 to 19: 0.9 mg to 1.1 mg
Boys and teenagers aged 7 to 19: 0.9 mg up to 1.4 mg

Women: 1 mg
Pregnant and breastfeeding women: 1.2 mg to 1.3 mg

Men between 19 and 25 years: 1.3 mg
Men between 25 and 65 years: 1.2 mg
Men over 65: 1.1 mg

With a balanced diet, people always get the necessary amount of thiamine. This also applies to vegans and vegetarians. These usually get enough vitamin B1 from legumes, whole grain products, and nuts.

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What happens in the event of an overdose?

The risk of overdose is limited because the kidneys usually remove excess thiamine from food. Therefore, the European Food Safety Authority Without limits set for maximum daily vitamin B1 intake.

However, when people take a significant overdose (for example, 100 times the recommended daily allowance) through dietary supplements, the following symptoms may occur:

– Cramps
– Redness and sweating
– skin reactions
– Headache
– nausea

Normally, the human body absorbs enough vitamin B1 through food, so that no dietary supplements are needed. Anyone belonging to a risk group should have it, for example, through a change of diet to ensure.

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