Health

This is how you recognize psoriasis and the treatment

Psoriasis: the most important things at a glance

  • Psoriasis, also known as psoriasis, is a non-contagious inflammatory disease.
  • It typically presents with reddish, scaly skin lesions that can be very itchy.
  • Psoriasis is not yet curable.
  • Symptoms can be alleviated with various treatments.

What exactly is psoriasis? We have the facts and we tell you which stars suffer from psoriasis. © Asia Vision

What is psoriasis?

Psoriasis with the scientific name of “psoriasis” is a hereditary and non-contagious chronic skin disease. Typically, it comes in trigger-triggered bursts. When there is a surge, the skin renewal process goes into overdrive: instead of renewing itself within 28 days like a healthy epidermis, this process is shortened to just 4-5 days. New skin cells are formed too quickly and dead skin cells cannot be eliminated as quickly and lie in scales on the skin. The spots can be spread all over the body or cover large parts of the body. Psoriasis occurs regardless of age, but often first appears in the second stage of life. Based on these age stages, a distinction is made between type 1 and type 2.

  • Type 1 psoriasis it appears for the first time before the age of 40, often between the ages of 15 and 25. The cause of type 1 psoriasis is usually a genetic predisposition, the course is rather difficult and tends to many relapses. About 75% of those affected have type 1.
  • Type 2 psoriasis it first occurs after the age of 40, usually between the ages of 50 and 60. The form is not hereditary and is quite stable, with no great tendency to relapse. It affects about 25 percent of those affected.

Psoriasis: different types of psoriasis

There are several types of psoriasis, which is the most common form Vulgar psoriasis, which affects about 80% of cases. Sometimes psoriasis occurs in the folds of the skin, this form is called inverse psoriasis designated. The skin changes in the groin or gluteal fold, in the armpits, in the genital region, or in women under or between the breasts. The skin shows no scales but is rather moist. to Pustular psoriasis Pus-filled blisters also form on the skin, but are not contagious. to Psoriasis-arthritis occur due to psoriasis on the skin, further chronic inflammation of the joints, tendons and spine. This occurs mainly in children and adolescents Guttate psoriasis on, the extensive acute skin rash is occupied by pinpoint papules. It usually occurs due to a strep infection and can heal completely after a few weeks or months.

Psoriasis – these are the causes of the disease

The triggers of psoriasis have not yet been conclusively studied. What is certain is that the predisposition to the development of psoriasis is already contained in the genome, but the respective manifestation is not hereditary. Not everyone who carries the condition actually develops the disease. On the other hand, it is also possible that the parents are not affected by psoriasis, but that it manifests itself in the common child. However, the disease only breaks out when triggers in addition to genetic predisposition come into play. Triggers derail the immune system and lead to typical skin inflammation.

Types of psoriasis

On elbows, hands, and more – you can read about the types of psoriasis here. © Piyapong Thongcharoen

Typical triggers of psoriasis

  • infections such as measles, the common cold, HIV infection, or chronic inflammation
  • mental stress through family, social or professional stress
  • hormonal changes such as puberty, pregnancy or menopause
  • skin lesions such as cuts, burns, sunburns, scratches that are too strong
  • certain drugse.g. beta-blockers, ACE inhibitors, lithium salts, drugs for malaria or rheumatism
  • excessive consumption of alcohol and smoking

Psoriasis: these are the symptoms

Typical of common psoriasis psoriasis vulgaris are sharply defined, red and slightly raised patches on the skin. They are covered with a plaque, a layer of shiny silver-white cuticles that easily peels off the skin. Plaques often occur symmetrically on both sides of the body, preferably on the elbows, knees, hands, and feet. Psoriasis on the scalp or face is also common. The plates vary in size, from 1 to over 10 centimeters in diameter. Sometimes the affected areas of the skin become severely itchy and are further irritated and injured by scratching.

elbow

The cure is being-all-end-all! Here you can find out what helps with psoriasis and how you can prevent skin disease. © Ivan Balvan

Psoriasis: This is how the diagnosis is made

Mild psoriasis can be mistaken for a fungal infection or psoriasis, but these conditions can be ruled out with a blood test or tissue sample. Psoriasis can be clearly recognized by the so-called “bloody dew,” which is blemish-like bleeding that occurs when the doctor loosens the scales and thin membrane underneath. The exam also evaluates the severity of psoriasis, based on the amount of skin affected. Less than 5% of the skin is affected in mild psoriasis, 5 to 10% in moderate psoriasis and over 10% in severe psoriasis. If psoriasis is on the scalp, hands, nails, feet or sensitive parts of the body, or if the quality of life is severely impaired, then there is always moderate or severe psoriasis.

Psoriasis: how to cure it

Psoriasis is an autoimmune disease that cannot be cured but is treatable. With the right treatment, symptoms can be alleviated, plaques heal faster, acute phases of the disease can be shortened and new flare-ups avoided as much as possible. Therapy is aimed at relieving and treating symptoms, shortening the acute phase of the disease and avoiding new flare-ups. There are various treatment options, which can be used individually, in combination or alternatively.

cream

Psoriasis Diagnosis: What Helps Here and What Should You Pay Attention To? We have the answers. © fizkes

Basic skin care therapy

Basic therapy is intensive skin care with moisturizing ointments, creams, lotions, shower oils and oil baths. These should be used continuously, i.e. even during symptom-free periods, as they keep the skin supple and relieve itching. There are also ointments or creams with urea or salicylic acid, which can help with peeling of the skin.

medicines to apply

You can keep mild psoriasis under control with application medications. Creams, ointments, lotions or foams with cortisone as the active ingredient or analogues of vitamin D3 have a strong anti-inflammatory effect and can effectively fight acute inflammation. However, cortisone should not be used daily for a longer period of time, as it may damage the skin in the long run.

Body and skin care

There are medications, creams, and more – you can find out which methods help as a remedy for psoriasis here. © Prostock Studio

Phototherapy inhibits inflammation

By irradiating the plaques with ultraviolet (UV) light, it is possible to inhibit skin inflammation and slow cell division. The skin can be made more sensitive to light with special medications, in order to achieve good results, especially with moderate and severe forms of psoriasis. Phototherapy is often used when symptoms do not improve with cortisone-containing ointments.

oral medication

Systematic therapy is carried out with drugs for oral use and injections. The drugs specifically target the immune system and inhibit the immune response. They are given only when the appearance of the skin has not significantly improved through creams containing cortisone or phototherapy. Various active ingredients work well and quickly, but can have serious side effects. Therefore, the benefits are weighed individually against the risks and the doctor arranges for adequate systematic therapy.

The right diet

Pay attention to a balanced and, above all, healthy diet – but also to any intolerances. © Aleksandar Nakic

Psoriasis: is prevention possible?

Since psoriasis is inherited, there are no steps you can take to prevent psoriasis. But an adapted lifestyle can reduce the likelihood of relapse and thus improve the quality of life. To do this, it is important to know the triggers and avoid them. Because which trigger triggers a push in you personally is very different from person to person. Therefore, try to observe very closely in which situations the symptoms of psoriasis worsen. There is no specific diet for psoriasis, because even here everyone has to find out for themselves which foods make symptoms worse.

Life with psoriasis

If you have psoriasis, you know that living with the disease can be very difficult. Complex daily skin care and frequent treatments take a long time and are sometimes difficult to reconcile with other commitments. In addition, there is the itchiness that prevents you from sleeping at night and causes tiredness and exhaustion during the day. We appreciate even more that even famous stars openly admit their disease and thus encourage other affected people!

Frequently asked questions psoriasis

From the right diet to body and skin care: in the beauty article you can read what you can do against psoriasis. © Daniel-de-la-Hoz

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