Male smokers are disproportionately fractured and are more likely to develop osteoporosis, which causes bones to become porous and break easily.
This was determined by researchers from the University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV). The team analyzed nearly 30,000 fracture cases over the past 30 years, reported in 27 research publications.
According to experts, smoking increases the risk of fractures by up to 37%, depending on age. For the first time, in addition to hip fractures, already sufficiently documented, the experts also took into account fractures of the wrists, shoulders, forearms, femurs, lower legs and spine. “Men tend to smoke more than women, which increases the risk of osteoporosis, traditionally considered a female disease,” says research leader Qing Wu.
He theorizes that chemicals in cigarette smoke negatively affect bone cells and reduce the body’s ability to absorb vitamin D and calcium, which help maintain bone density. Additionally, according to Wu, smoking is also considered a risk factor for injury in general, as there is evidence that nicotine interferes with the tissue repair process, meaning that it impairs wound healing and bone healing. broken.
Researchers warn that there is a high risk that the number of fractures due to osteoporosis will continue to rise. Because the population is aging thanks to medical advances. The risk of porous bones also increases with age. They also refer to older studies, according to which between 21 and 37 percent of male smokers die within a year of fractures. ‘Smoking is the most preventable cause of disease, disability and death in the United States. Quitting smoking would significantly reduce the risk of fractures in all smokers, especially men, ‘she said.
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