Ruptured cyst: signs and what you should do

If a cyst has ruptured, it is usually evident through sudden symptoms. If you suspect a ruptured cyst, you should see your gynecologist immediately.

Ruptured cyst: recognize and act correctly

Cysts are fluid-filled cavities in the ovaries. These are not uncommon and in many cases cause no symptoms. However, if a cyst bursts, it can be uncomfortable and dangerous.

  • Cysts are generally harmless sacs. However, it is possible for a cyst to rupture or burst. This is evident from a sudden stabbing pain in the abdomen.
  • A ruptured cyst can also trigger bleeding. The so-called rupture of the cyst can damage the surrounding vessels and cause blood to enter the abdominal cavity.
  • In this case, surgery is needed to stop the bleeding.
  • If you suspect a cyst has ruptured in the abdomen, consult your gynecologist immediately. He or she may use an ultrasound to find out if your guess is correct and treat you accordingly.

What you should know about cysts

Ovarian cysts often develop in stages where the body undergoes a hormonal change, such as during menopause, pregnancy or puberty.

  • Many cysts are only noticed during a routine examination, cause no pain and subside on their own.
  • However, there are also larger than average specimens that cause discomfort. Typical symptoms of a cyst are dull pain in the lower abdomen, spotting and cycle disturbances, frequent urination, or pain during sex.
  • If a cyst is very severe, it can cause an ovary to twist. This manifests itself in sudden and very severe pain in the lower abdomen. Since blood flow in the ovary is interrupted during the so-called pedicle rotation, you should call an ambulance if you suspect it.

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