Health

Parkinson’s is recognized by its smell

  • Definition from Parkinson’s
  • symptoms and the specific smell
  • treatment

Parkinson’s is a disease that has many faces. 400,000 people suffer from it in Germany alone. You can catch the disease various symptomsincluding the smell of patients.

Parkinson’s disease and its symptoms

Parkinson’s is one brain disease, in which dopamine-producing nerve cells in the midbrain continue to die. The neurotransmitter dopamine is responsible, among other things, for controlling emotional, mental and motor reactions. When nerve cells die, a Dopamine deficiency and neurotransmitter imbalance; This leads to the typical symptoms of Parkinson’s. What other factors play a role and what causes cell death has not yet been scientifically proven.

Exactly how chronic disease progresses varies from patient to patient. As a rule, the disease initially manifests itself through one-sided, only slightly pronounced symptoms. These will get stronger over time. First signs of brain disease may appear years before the main symptoms. These include behavioral disturbances during REM sleep, olfactory and visual disturbances, pain in muscles and joints, reduced arm swing when walking, fine motor disorders (modified writing), fatigue, exhaustion, insecurity and tremors. how main symptoms Tremors, other movement disorders such as muscle stiffness (rigor), slowness of movement (bradykinesia) and balance disturbances, “freezing” of movements (frostbite), difficulty in speaking and swallowing, disturbances in vegetative functions, sleep disturbances, depression and mental disorders to dementia.

A study from the University of Manchester now points to another sign that strangers in particular may recognize Parkinson’s: body odor. The impetus for the unusual study was provided by a nurse named Joy Milne, who said she noticed a change in her smell in her husband, who has Parkinson’s disease, and which got worse over time. . The study showed that she was indeed able to identify sick patients by their smell. The researchers later found out some organic compounds such as hippuric acid, eicosane and octadechannel they were highest in Parkinson’s disease. of the increased sebum it could therefore be the reason behind the smell that sensitive noses may be able to smell. It is unclear to what extent this can help in the early diagnosis of Parkinson’s disease in the medical field.

People with Parkinson’s: Treatment

Due to the growing aging of the population, the Increase in the number of Parkinson’s patients. While in 1990 there were only 2.5 million patients worldwide, in 2016 there were already around 6.2 million. Parkinson’s is the second most common neurodegenerative disease after Alzheimer’s.

On average, 80% of those affected are diagnosed with Parkinson’s at the age of 60 or older. The first signs of the disease are usually identified by those around you and not by those who suffer from it.

Basically, the disease not curable. However, if it is treated optimally and individually, the Generally normal life expectancy. Such treatment includes, for example, medications, physical therapy, speech therapy, occupational therapy, or deep brain stimulation. of the correct handling with Parkinson’s it can also help those affected accept and live with their disease. If you know someone in your environment who has been diagnosed with Parkinson’s disease, or if you have Parkinson’s yourself, it can help you face the disease openly and learn more about uncertainties. It may also be helpful to join a Parkinson’s self-help group to help yourself to share problems or questions. Those affected can make everyday life easier with small aids such as special cutlery, walking aids, or a key aid. It is important to keep physically active as much as possible and to eat healthily and adequately.

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