Nystagmus: occurrence and treatment

How is nystagmus diagnosed?

In practice, anamnesis is usually discussed, in which the focus is on previous illnesses, family stress, symptoms, and when they occur. During the examination it may be necessary to assume different positions of the head and body to then describe a possible change in vision.

Frenzel glasses with special lenses support the diagnosis of nystagmus and are particularly suitable for the determination of spontaneous nystagmus. Worn like normal glasses, the lenses serve to enlarge the eyes, while at the same time preventing you from staring at objects in the room. In this way, the rapid eye movements that occur are not hindered and can be examined more easily. Frenzel glasses are not suitable for diagnosing nystagmus in the direction of the gaze.

Electronystagmography, on the other hand, is an imaging technique that can be used to examine different types of nystagmus. Electrodes are placed on the forehead, under the eyes and in the nose area to record the shaking movements. belong to the survey

  • follow objects with your eyes,
  • check the balance system when lying down (e.g. when changing body position from sitting to lying down and vice versa),
  • Examination of the balance system by stimulating the inner ear.

Reactions to the individual components of the test allow conclusions to be drawn about the type of nystagmus.

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