Heart palpitations, sweating, mood swings: After menopause, women experience hormonal changes that can cause various mental and physical symptoms. The ovaries produce less estrogen until hormone production eventually stops altogether. What many people don’t know is that menopause can also affect our bones. But what exactly happens?
Causes of bone pain during menopause
Estrogen, the female sex hormones, performs various tasks in the body, which is why declining estrogen levels during menopause can manifest in a number of symptoms. Estrogen plays an important role in our bone metabolism, for example: the sun inhibits the action of cells that degrade boneincreases the blood flow to the bones and promotes the Calciumaufnahme from the gastrointestinal tract. The mineral acts as a building block of our bones and is therefore needed to prevent bone loss, also known as osteoporosis.
Conversely, a low estrogen level ensures that it rises reduced bone mass – after menopause this can be between one and four percent per year without hormone replacement. In addition, the bones become more brittle and porous. Also this form of osteoporosis postmenopausal osteoporosis called. While not all women experience bone loss during menopause, the risk is greatly increased.
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Bone pain symptoms
In most cases, osteoporosis is not recognized until late because it is an insidious disease. A typical symptom by which the disease can be recognized during menopause is acute and strong bone pain – these often manifest as severe back pain caused by vertebral fractures. For many osteoporosis sufferers the spine curves as the disease progresses. Often you will too fractures of the thigh caused by bone loss – this is what leads to the diagnosis in many cases.
The earlier an osteoporosis disease is recognized as such, the better it can be treated and prevent bone fractures. For this reason, the a bone densitometry (Osteodensitometry) for postmenopausal women. This gives you information on your individual risk of osteoporosis.
Prevent Osteoporosis During Menopause
A healthy and nutritious diet is essential for a healthy body, it always is. However, the supply of some nutrients is particularly important during menopause to prevent disease. Most importantly, make sure you have enough foods rich in calcium such as dairy products, nuts, green vegetables such as broccoli or legumes. Also an adequate intake of Vitamin D it is of great importance because vitamin D promotes the storage of calcium in the bones. Our body produces what is known as the sun vitamin mainly through exposure to the sun, but small amounts are also found in foods such as fatty fish such as salmon or egg yolk. Because it is difficult to meet vitamin D needs through diet alone, postmenopausal women should take vitamin D supplements if necessary after consulting their doctor.
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The risk of developing osteoporosis can also be reduced by menopausal women hormone replacement therapy give. With this, the estrogen level can be balanced. However, the costs and benefits should be weighed here, as HRT can, among other things, increase breast risk, even years after treatment.
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Treatment of osteoporosis during menopause
This is the benchmark in the treatment of osteoporosis Avoid falls. With the help of sports and physiotherapy, those affected can build muscles and improve their coordination. On top of that there is one barrier-free apartment This is important in the case of advanced illness to reduce the risk of injury, as most accidents and falls occur at home.
Also, there are some drugto counteract bone loss. The doctor treating you knows which ones are suitable. In case of vertebral body fractures, the spine can Operation be stabilized.
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