Traveling with heart disease: tips for staying safe
The summer holiday season is upon us or has already begun in some areas and the need for holidays is great after the restrictions of recent years. people with cardiovascular disease However, you should pay attention to some details when planning your vacation.
Numerous environmental factors can heart health influence, including for example Altitude, heat, climate and air quality. People with heart disease in particular should therefore inquire about local conditions when they go on vacation. Explain what to look for Dr. together with. Magnus Baumhäkel of the German Heart Foundation.
Heart patients don’t have to give up on holidays
According to the professional society, people with cardiovascular diseases such as coronary artery disease (CHD), heart arrhythmias, valve disease, and heart failure (heart failure) usually don’t have to give up traveling.
One good planning it is especially important for people with heart disease during the summer holidays.
Get a medical evaluation
One of the first steps, according to Dr. Baumhäkel a conversation with the attending physician to get an initial evaluation if a trip to the desired destination is generally recommended.
Get a pre-holiday check-up
An exam should also be done four to six weeks before travel, advises Dr. tree crochet. So in good time the stability the patient checked and possibly a drug change be executed.
“This is the only way to avoid risks due to overload or wrong evaluations”, emphasizes the cardiologist. A free travel checklist for heart patients can be ordered from the Heart Foundation.
The most important point of reference: resilience
One of the most important clues to travel is personal resilience Physical performance shouldn’t be severely limited by heart disease. The heart operation should have been several weeks ago.
Consider climatic conditions and changes in weather
Heat, cold, and altitude can put a strain on the heart, just like any other climatic zone it’s a time change. Very high temperature increase it, for example Risk of circulatory collapse or cardiac arrhythmias.
stay great Altitudes over 2500 meters also make sure that less oxygen enters the arteries. This can strain the heart muscle and, in the worst case, trigger a heart attack.
Heart patients shouldn’t use places extreme weather conditions choose as a holiday destination. “Tropical and subtropical, arctic and subarctic climates are generally not recommended for heart patients because they strain the cardiovascular system.”Like this dott tree crochet.
According to him, it makes more sense to choose a place with climatic conditions that the body already knows. Also, heart patients should, if possible, rather travel in spring and autumninstead of in the hot summer months.
How does the air quality affect your holiday destination?
To die air quality affects the cardiovascular system. Air pollutants such as particulate matter, carbon monoxide and nitrogen oxides can worsen the course of CHD, cardiac arrhythmias and hypertension.
“Depending on the type of heart or circulatory disease, air pollution at the travel destination can have an adverse effect on the disease in a short period of time, in the worst case it can trigger a complication such as a heart or brain infarction or, in case of patients with heart failure, lead to a hospital stay “.warns dott tree crochet.
Affected persons are therefore advised to inquire about Air quality in the resort be informed in advance. This is possible, for example, free of charge via the World Air Quality Index project website.
The strength lies in serenity
Arriving at the holiday destination, there should be heart patients in the first few days take it easy leave so that the body can get used to local conditions. Long sunbathing and strenuous activities should be avoided in the first few days.
But there is nothing wrong with light to medium loads. Exercise, for example when hiking or biking, is even desirable in an appropriate form. only the The midday sun should be avoided.
“If you want to swim, you should discuss this with your doctor in advance”I am Baumhäkel to consider. Entering very cold water or exiting the water can be dangerous circulatory problems it causes.
Food can affect some heart medications
If your vacation destination offers a completely different diet than usual, this could impact some heart medications. Especially the effect of Marcumar anticoagulantwhich is often taken with artificial heart valves or atrial fibrillation, can be compromised by foods high in fat or high in vitamin K.
Who should forgo a trip?
German Heart Foundation doctors advise against travel for some heart disease patients. This applies, for example, to people who already have a low load Brustenge (Angina pectoris) or shortness of breath occurs.
Even people suffering from increased vertigo and sudden unconsciousness arrives, we advise against a vacation trip. (vb)
Information on the author and source
This text corresponds to the specifications of the specialist medical literature, medical guidelines and current studies and has been verified by medical professionals.
Graduate Publisher (FH) Volker Blasek
- German Heart Foundation: Traveling With Heart Disease? Note that (accessed: 05.07.2022), herzstiftung.de
- German Heart Foundation: Traveling with Defibrillator and Pacemaker: Patients should pay attention to this (accessed: 5 July 2022), herzstiftung.de
- German Heart Foundation: heat, altitude and frenzy – travel safely with heart failure (accessed: 05.07.2022), herzstiftung.de
This article contains general advice only and is not to be used for self-diagnosis or treatment. It cannot replace a visit to the doctor.